Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders (AANHPI) are one of the fastest growing racial groups in California and across the country. In response to the wave of attacks on AANHPI in California, the 2021 API Equity Budget was passed, which included a three-year investment of more than $166 million to better serve communities experiencing hatred and barriers to various public services.
Part of this historic investment was a US$10 million reward. AAPI Dataconduct demographic and political research to better serve the AANHPI communities.
Today, AAPI Data, in partnership with the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, released a groundbreaking study that highlights disparities in the access and use of health, mental health, and social services by Asian American communities and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities. ocean.
“California is strongly committed to racial equity in the delivery of public services, and this report is an important first step in improving the public’s understanding of the needs, barriers, and challenges faced by Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities. ,” said Karthik Ramakrishnan, Founder of AAPI Data, Professor of Public Policy at UC Riverside and Director of the UCR Center for Social Innovation.. “We hope that policymakers, as well as those responsible for policy implementation, will use the findings and recommendations contained in this report to better serve the AANHPI communities in California.”
The report also received contributions from the California Commission on Asian and Pacific Islander Affairs, various other government agencies, and several non-profit organizations serving AANHPI communities, including the AAPI Equity Alliance, CAA, Center for Expanded Policy, Pacific Islander Community Empowerment, Khmer Girls . in action, SEARAC and the Stop AAPI Hate Coalition.
This Health, Mental Health, and Human Services Needs report uses currently available data to compare current health, mental health, and social service needs for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders in California. The report uses combined data from the 2019-2020 UCLA California Center for Health Policy Research (CHIS) and Census Bureau 2016-2020 American Community Survey (ACS) data.
In the report, the team found that the shortage of doctors in the Inland Empire showed up in a health interview survey in California in a lower percentage of people who were able to get timely medical appointments. The shortage has disproportionately affected Asians when compared to the same statewide measures mentioned above. Asians in the Inland Empire were also far less likely to get a timely appointment than blacks, Hispanics, and whites in the Inland Empire.
The data showed that 62% of Asians in the Inland Empire were able to make an appointment in a timely manner (within 2 days). In the other five regions of California, 83% or more of Asians were able to make an appointment on time. In the Inland Empire, 72% of non-Hispanic blacks were able to make timely appointments, the next lowest among major races and ethnic groups.
Other findings in the report were demographic in nature. For example, Filipino Americans were the largest Asian group in the Inland Empire and Samoans and Chamorros were the two largest NHPI groups in the Inland Empire. Chinese and Filipino Americans made up the largest proportion of the Asian child population in the Inland Empire.
Some of the main findings of the report include:
- Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders were less likely to be enrolled in government programs such as CalFresh, Medicare, and Medi-Cal compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Enrollment among detailed Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander groups showed wider differences, including much larger gaps between groups such as Indians, Japanese, and Taiwanese.
- Asians, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders were less likely than whites to have had a regular source of care, had seen a doctor in the last 12 months, and were able to make timely medical appointments.
- While the Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities reported the lowest rates of suicidal ideation overall, disaggregated data shows that Japanese, Korean, and American Asians were more likely to state that they had ever thought about suicide.
The report also makes several recommendations for action to ensure equity in health and social care for the Asian American and Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities.
Some of the recommendations include:
- Investment in centralized sharing of limited culturally competent mental health resources and empowerment.
- Support families and caregivers with language support to deal with the financial, physical and mental difficulties associated with caring for the sick.
- Raise awareness and access to government and government programs to address underutilization of resources.
Beth Tamayose, Director of Research at UCR’s Center for Social Innovation, Howard Shih, Managing Director of AAPI Data, and Ryan Vinh, Data and Community Partnerships Specialist at AAPI Data, also contributed to this report.
Read the full news release and other key takeaways and recommendations: Center for Health Policy Research at UCLA.
Cover photo: GettyImages