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A digitally colored electron microscope (EM) image depicting the monkeypox virion, released June 6, 2022. (Photo via Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images)

Health officials in Philadelphia are investigating the city’s second probable case of monkeypox after a resident tested positive for orthopoxvirus.

The Philadelphia Department of Health on Wednesday said the Philadelphia resident was seen at a clinic outside the city, and there is currently no known link between the likely case and the city’s first case of monkeypox.

According to the report, the health ministry was informed of the likely case on Tuesday morning. Because the resident was tested outside of the city, the Pennsylvania Department of Health is coordinating the report and testing.

Officials said the resident is working with the health department to identify any contacts that may have been exposed. According to the announcement, the Ministry of Health will contact these people directly.

The Department of Health stressed that the risk of contracting monkeypox remains “extremely low”. Dana Perella, Philadelphia Department of Public Health’s Acute Infectious Diseases Program Manager, said monkeypox is “much less contagious than COVID-19 and can be contained, especially when immediate care is needed for symptoms.”

Monkeypox? What’s this?

According to officials Monkeypox is caused by a virus in the same genus as smallpox, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Monkeypox, according to the CDC, was first discovered in 1958 after two outbreaks of the smallpox disease in monkey colonies kept for research.

The first human case was reported in what is now the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970, during a period of intense efforts to eradicate smallpox. Since then, the disease has been reported in humans in several countries in Central and West Africa. Cases have also been reported in the United States, as well as in several countries in Asia, the Middle East and Europe.

What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

According to the CDC website, it usually takes seven to 14 days from the time of infection for a person to start feeling symptoms of the disease, but the incubation period can also vary from five to 21 days.

The disease, according to the CDC, begins with:

  • Heat
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • backache
  • Enlarged lymph nodes
  • Chills
  • exhaustion

Within one to three days of the onset of a fever, an infected person develops a rash that often begins on the face and then spreads to other parts of the body, CDC officials say. The rash will dry out over time and fall off.

According to World Health OrganizationMonkeypox symptoms usually last two to four weeks.

Can people die from monkeypox?

According to the WHO, monkeypox mortality ranges from zero to 11% in the general population. This rate is higher among younger children.

How does it spread?

CDC officials say monkeypox is spread when a person comes into contact with the virus from an animal, person, or material contaminated with the virus.

“The virus enters the body through broken skin (even if it is not visible), respiratory tract or mucous membranes (eyes, nose or mouth),” the website says.

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website states that human-to-human transmission of monkeypox is “presumed to occur primarily through large respiratory droplets,” but other human-to-human transmissions involve “direct contact with bodily fluids or lesion material.” , as well as indirect contact with the material of the lesion, for example, through contaminated clothing or bed linen.

How did he get to the USA?

An adult male who recently traveled to Canada contracted monkeypox in the state, according to Massachusetts health officials. Since then, monkeypox has also been found in ten US states, including Pennsylvania.

In Portugal, officials at the country’s General Directorate of Health said they were investigating 15 suspected cases of monkeypox that were identified in the Lisbon area in May.

In the meantime, the UK had previously reported three cases of monkeypox, two of which were linked to people who lived in the same house and the third to someone who had traveled to Nigeria.

Have we seen cases of monkeypox in the US before?

According to the CDCThe first ever case of monkeypox in the United States occurred in 2003, with 47 confirmed and probable cases from six states: Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin.

“All people infected with monkeypox in this outbreak became ill after contact with domestic prairie dogs. Pets became infected after they were settled next to small mammals imported from Ghana, ”the website says.

Investigators later determined that a shipment of animals from Ghana to Texas in April 2003 brought monkeypox to the US, officials said.

Since the 2003 outbreak, two human cases of monkeypox have been reported in 2021. In both cases, the infected person arrived in the US from Nigeria.

CDC officials say monkeypox does not occur naturally in the US

What can I do to prevent monkeypox?

CDC officials have the following tips for people to prevent monkeypox infection. These include:

  • Avoid contact with animals that may carry the virus, including sick animals or animals found dead in monkeypox areas.
  • Avoid contact with any materials, such as bedding, that a sick animal has come into contact with.
  • Isolate infected people from other people who may be at risk of infection
  • Practice good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or people, such as washing your hands with soap and water or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Use personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for the sick.

Are there treatments for monkeypox?

CDC Officials Speak there is currently no proven safe treatment for monkeypox.

Is there a vaccine for monkeypox?

Yes.

According to the CDCa vaccine called Jynneos, also known as Imvamune or Imvanex, has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration to prevent monkeypox.

According to the website of the Military Health System, Jynneos was FDA approved in September 2019. In a statement The vaccine, produced by Bavarian Nordic, is based on a virus that cannot replicate in the human body, but is still able to elicit an immune response.

However, WHO officials have said the vaccine is not widely available.

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